Jewish community of Greater Bangor.
This section of the Documenting Maine Jewry project has information on the communities of Bangor, Brewer, Hampden, Veazie.Currently there is data on 3,708 people and 362 organizations with strong ties to Greater Bangor.
The coordinators of this site are Marcia Lieberman, Ruthanne Singal and Judy Gatchell. New data for the website can be sent to dmj @ mindspring.com or directly to any of the coorindators.
All the dropdown menus above display data for just Greater Bangor
Local Jewish Organizations
|Beth Abraham - Chevra Kaddisha||Bangor||-|
|Beth Abraham Synagogue (Bangor) Cemetery||145 York St 145 York Street Bangor||207-947-0876 - email@example.com|
|Beth El (Bangor)||Bangor||-|
|Beth Israel (Bangor) - Chevra Kaddisha (now 2238)||Bangor||207 773-5099 -|
|Beth Israel Cemetery : New Section 3||Bangor||-|
|Beth Israel Cemetery : Old Section||Bangor||-|
|Beth Israel Cemetery : Teferith Israel Section||Bangor||-|
|Beth Israel Cemetery : Tolodos Yitzock Section||Bangor||-|
|Chaore Tildos Itzchok Anshe Sfard Congregation Cemetery||Bangor||-|
|Congregation Beth Israel (Bangor) Cemetery||144 York St Bangor||207-945-3433 -|
|Jewish Community Council||6 State St Suite 314 Bangor||207 941 2950 - firstname.lastname@example.org|
|United Jewish Appeal||Bangor||-|
Brief History of Bangor Jewry
Bangor’s earliest Jewish roots date from the 1840’s. Over the past 170 years Jewish institutions in the city have experienced many changes – a pattern undoubtedly replicated in other Maine communities. Bangor currently has three active congregations representing Orthodox, Conservative and Reform Judaism. These congregations maintain their own Hebrew schools, Chevra Kadishas and cemeteries on Mount Hope Avenue. They each have their own youth activities and social programming. The city also has a Jewish Community Council and Chapel (Center Street) where funeral services are held.
"Bangor's first Jews arrived from Germany in the 1840s and consisted of small number of dry-goods merchants, peddlers and tailors. Immediately and ambitiously they tended to their Orthodox Jewish needs by establishing a synagogue, Ahawas Achim, ("Brotherly Love"), with approximately thirty members. …. The congregation received a charter from the city in 1859, established a burial ground on Webster Avenue, employed for a shohet for the proper ritual slaughter of animals, planned for a school with instruction in German, English and Hebrew, discussed building a mikveh (ritual bath) and prepared for the time when they might need to disband. That moment came in the late 1850's, when Bangor's economy soured. The Jewish community dispersed, and its few sacred ritual objects, including a Sepher Torah, were sent to Boston for safekeeping. … They did revive Ahawas Achim in 1874 by bringing back the ritual objects from Boston and adding to the original synagogue minutes. … Each year the small group, numbering no more than ten people from Bangor, Ellsworth and Bar Harbor, hired a hall for celebrating the New Year and the Day of Atonement….
The first influx of Jews in the early 1880’s from Lithuania and Poland found only a few German Jews remaining in Bangor. Many had assimilated through intermarriage or conversion. Others did not marry at all. The two groups of Jews had many differences. Those from Eastern Europe regarded Yiddish as their national language. They could not believe that the German Jews spoke no Yiddish, but only German and English. The Jewish charities established by the German Jews became inadequate to handle the problems faced by the new group from Eastern Europe and the successive waves of terror-stricken and penniless Jews that followed. The Lithuanian Jews formed their own relief organizations as they vastly outnumbered the German Jews who eventually disappeared from the community by 1897.
Bangor's eastern European Jews, who started to arrive in the city in the early 1880's, came primarily from the Lithuanian vicinities of Vilna, Kovno, and Minsk and Grodno in Russia. They established themselves near the end of the glory days of timber and shipping, taking their place at the bottom end of the city's trade in junk, trinkets, clothing, and dry goods. … They were lonely and displaced and sought to recreate the familiar and spiritual life they had once enjoyed. By 1888, only a few years after their arrival, a group of young men formally created the Beth Israel Society (known today as Congregation Beth Israel – a Conservative Synagogue), and by 1897, laid the cornerstone of the first synagogue in Maine. The synagogue was dedicated on December 20, 1897 by Rabbi Raphael Lasker of Ohabei Shalom in Boston. During the next 10 years the congregation survived many changes including a new influx of immigrants from Russia. While the Ashkenazi ritual was firmly established at Beth Israel (based on the background of its founding members), the new “Russishe” Jews favored Sephardic ritual.
These newer arrivals were determined to maintain their own orthodox way of life and worship according to their own customs and traditions. In 1902, they broke away from Congregation Beth Israel to pray in rented rooms of a house and formed Congregation Beth Abraham Anshe Sphard (known today as Beth Abraham Synagogue – an Orthodox Synagogue). They continued in this manner until 1904, when Bangor witnessed its largest immigration of Russian Jews. In 1907, they established their first synagogue known as the “Russishe Shul”. In this early period (1904-07), they sought to establish a Jewish cemetery and to provide burial rites. They paid the city of Bangor $1.00 to purchase small parcel of land off Mt. Hope Avenue for their cemetery and established a Chevra Kadisha. A schism over laws of Kashruth occurred within the Beth Abraham Community resulting, in 1920, in the establishment of Toldoth Yitzchak. This congregation is no longer in existence, but records of its history are maintained.
Congregation Beth El was born in Spring1981 from the vision of five families. An earlier Beth El had existed in Bangor forty years before, but had been subsumed under Congregation Beth Israel and lost its Reform identity. Following the announcement of an open meeting to discuss interest, 25 families embarked on developing a Reform synagogue.
Services were scheduled one Friday a month and were led by congregants. Within two years, 13 students were enrolled in the religious school. The first B’nai Mitzvah occurred in October 1983. A significant milestone was achieved when Beth El was presented with a plaque signifying its membership in the UAHC. Soon after, Beth El was presented with a two hundred year old Torah that had been rescued from Czechoslovakia after World War II. This Torah was given to Beth El on permanent loan.
Through the mid 1980’s, Beth El brought in an occasional visiting Rabbi for services. In 1991 Beth El hired its first resident rabbi. Services were held on a more frequent basis. In By 1994, the membership had grown to almost 100 families, and Beth El hired a full time rabbi. The new rabbi served as president of the Religious School. Adult education classes, an Introduction to Judaism series for those people considering conversion to Judaism, and outreach to Jews in rural Maine were all instituted. In 1995, after many years renting space in a Congregional Church, Beth El purchased its own building. In 2002, Beth El received a donation of land from Congregation Beth Israel which abuts the two other Jewish cemeteries off Mount Avenue.
Sources: Judith S Goldstein, Crossing Lines : Histories of Jews and Gentiles in Three Communities , 1992, NY, chapter two; Congregation Beth Israel’s Centennial History; Beth Abraham Synagogue Fiftieth Anniversary Commemorative Journal; Congregation Beth El Website
DATABASE RESOURCES : Information is available today on
- 3,715 individual Jews with strong ties to Greater Bangor of which 493 record the Old Country origin of first generation immigrants
- 1,221 records of burial in Jewish cemeteries for which there are 939 headstone images
- 341 organizations important to the Greater Bangor Jewish community of which 118 are Jewish community institutions and 159 are businesses important to the Greater Bangor Jewish community
- 945 bibliographic citations and sources pertaining to Greater Bangor of which 221 are photographs and 43 are oral histories
Recent additions to the Documenting Bangor Jewry database include
- The Alperts And Cohens of Bangor, Maine (Bangor) - Jordan S Alpert
- Interview with Eliot Cutler (Bangor) - Mike Hastings George J Mitchel Oral History Project, Bowdoin College
- "Emple Planning $400,000 Plant at Brewer Site" (Brewer) - Janet McGourty
- "Fire Damages Building Occupied by Emple Knitting Mills Here" (Brewer) - Janet McGourty
- Beth Abraham Synagogue : Fiftieth Anniversary Commemorative Journal (Bangor) - Beth Abraham
- After Sunday School, photo taken by Bill Viner (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Anna Michelson, "In Rich's Garden" (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Bangor Bnai Brith Memberships (Bangor ) - BPL
- Bathing Beauties in Bangor
(Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Berson Family Portrait (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Fiftieth Reunion of Class of 1960 Bangor High School, Lucerne Inn, Lucerne, Maine (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Four Women in Lieberman's Kitchen (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- JCC Arts and Crafts Room (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- JCC Nursery School
(Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Lieberman family at wedding of Barry and Maxene Mendelson Lieberman, (excluding bride and groom) at Beth Israel Synagogue (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Marcia Berson and Philip Morris Man at Bersons Luncheonette (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Men and Women in Tefillin on Front Steps of Beth israel Synagogue (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Michelson/Bickhoff Family (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Mrs Goldberg and Ruth Goldsmith
(Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Poultry Trade Show, Penobscot Poulty Co (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Pushke Drive in Bangor: Norman Minsky and David Lieberman (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Samuel Lieberman (owner of the Karol Shop) (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Seder at home of Mim and Jim Viner (Miriam and James) (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Shriners Parade, downtown Bangor
(Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Sylvia and Marcella Michelson (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Twenty Members of Mu Sigma Fraternity (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Viner Brothers Shoe Factory, Hancock St (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Viner Family Seder (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Wedding of Marilyn Bickoff and Sumner Gorodetzer, Chateau Garod
(Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Wedding Portrait of Ida Goldie Michelson and Max Michelson (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- B'nai B'rith - not sure details (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- B'nai B'rith or Hadassah event at the Bangor JCC (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- B'nai B'rith or Hadassah event, taken in front of the Bangor JCC (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Bangor JCC
(Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Beth Israel Consecration Service (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Betting on Horses at the Bangor State Fair (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Home to Stay: Article on visit to Israel (Bangor ) - Temple Beth El Augusta
- Six Viner Brothers (Bangor) - Marcia Lieberman
- Uknown child (Bangor) - Beverley Shapiro?
- Advertisement for Emple Knitting Mills (Bangor ) - Janet McGourty
People The questions unavoidably arise: Who is a Jew? And who is a Mainer? On the former, the project takes no position. On the latter, we have used a broad definition including not only those who were born, grew up, or lived here, but also those who are buried here.
Organizations DBJ is also building a community-based history around the religious and secular institutions that were or are the lifeblood of the Bangor Jewish community – as well as the source of quite regular souris (headaches). The project is creating 'family trees' of those often-interconnected local institutions: some 180 Jewish service organizations, 94 Jewish religious bodies, 18 Chevra Kaddisha and cemeteries, 15 Jewish camps, and 240 businesses crucial to the economic survival of Maine Jews.
Places The state-wide database has information on Maine Jews from over 90 cities and towns . Users can seek information in a particular town or city or can select a wider area to search on the state map index . Each option allows users to find organizations and people either in these key cities/towns or by county.
Oral Histories The DWJ project is also collecting oral histories. Currently there are no oral histories by Bangor-connected Jews.
Sources The Documenting Maine Jewry methodology is basically a jigsaw approach. We take whatever community, municipal, and cemetery records we have and merge them into a common database. As a result, we face problems of duplication and incompleteness. To minimize those problems, we try to name-match only when we have at least two factual sources for a given name. Ultimately, we feel it is better to have duplicate records than inaccurate information linking two unrelated people with the same names; Jews do love to repeat certain family names. In the name of historic accuracy, we ask families to supplement/correct their information using the on-line edit function on their page, or by emailing correct information to email@example.com.
For security reasons, complete access to the database is available only on request. A full index of all burials , however, is publicly available.
Volunteers The Bangor Documenting Maine Jewry effort is largely a volunteer effort; we always welcome more help. Volunteers interested in photographing older Jewish headstones, collecting information on a particular organization, or transferring data from print to electronic records should contact the site coordinators .
Finances Financial contributions supplement the volunteer effort by supporting data collection and outreach. The Jewish Community Council has made a significant financial contribution to the Documenting Maine Jewry. DMJ is under the financial supervision of Jewish Community Alliance of Southern Maine(JCA), a 501(c)3 organization. Donations are welcome using the Tzedakah box below or by sending a gift (marked DOMJ) to the JCA, 57 Ashmont St., Portland, Maine 04103. Major donors can select a range of contributions to honor their own Maine immigrant family or to inspire and inform the next generation of Maine Jews.
Heart and Soul The core of the project is the addition of new information by Maine Jews, whether online through the website, by email, or by old-fashioned mail. We encourage all registered users to supplement or correct existing information on individuals using the edit function on each person's page. Historical documents, oral accounts, photographs of community activities, and print articles can be emailed to site coordinators. To get a mailing address, please email describing the materials you would like to share.
Last Updated : March 21 2011
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